BPH is also known as enlarged prostate.  Simply put, it is a condition in which prostate enlargement inhibits the normal flow of urine in men.

The prostate is a gland just beneath the bladder that produces seminal fluid, the fluid that carries semen. While physicians have different opinions regarding prostate enlargement, most attribute the growth to changes in testosterone as men begin to age.  Statistics report that 9 out of 10 men will begin displaying symptoms of an enlarged prostate between the ages of 45 and 90.

It is important to know that while enlarged prostate (BPH) is non-cancerous and not life threatening it can greatly impact your day-to-day life. Many men experience a need to urinate that interrupts their sleep at night or they experience urgency to urinate during the day that keeps them searching for the next restroom. Many men experience a slow urine stream and have a feeling of not emptying their bladder completely. These interruptions can be very frustrating when you are trying to enjoy simple things in life.


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You might be wondering “How can I tell if I have enlarged prostate (BPH)?”. First you need to speak with your physician and be evaluated. However, there are some signs that can help you determine if you should seek a physician’s opinion.

Some of the most common symptoms of BPH are as follows:

  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Very weak stream
  • Feeling of not completely emptying your bladder
  • Difficulty starting to urinate or a straining feeling to start
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Getting up in the middle of the night to urinate

These are just some of the signs and symptoms of enlarged prostate, so if you have any of these it might be time to contact your doctor. As mentioned, while enlarged prostate is not life threatening these symptoms can interfere with your daily life and often ruin your sleep, making you feel tired. However, if left untreated for an extended period there are some more serious risks such as:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Kidney stones
  • Bladder stones
  • Retention (inability to urinate, often requires a catheter to urinate)
  • Kidney damage
  • Bladder failure

It is important to talk to a urologist if you are experiencing these symptoms to be evaluated and to seek solutions to prevent further complications.

If you are wondering what treatment for BPH looks like, click here.